Pemetaan Partisipatif Untuk Pengembangan Ekosistem Mangrove
Mangrove is a wetland resource in a coastal area that has a high potential diversity and provides ecological and socio-economic advantages. Mangrove conservation has already been established in Tirtohargo coastal area between Samas and Depok beaches. Mangrove ecosystem development as a conservation area is possible to be exploited through activities that can increase the income of the local economy, such as tourism. Tourism and conservation development cannot work well if there is no participation from society. One form of public participation can be realized through participatory mapping. The targets of the mangrove ecosystem development mapping in the village of Tirtohargo are, among others, mangrove community groups, local government, and government agencies. Participatory mapping in this study aims 1) to map the potential and mangrove ecosystems resources in the Baros, Tirtohargo, Kretek using community-based approach, 2) to map and analyze the development plan of the community-based mangrove ecosystem, 3) to compile the information system of the results of participatory mapping mangrove ecosystem development mapping as an information and promotion media. The methods used in this study are, among others, participatory mapping scaled 2D using remote sensing image (Worldview2) to achieve the first objective, qualitative descriptive analysis to achieve the second goal, in addition, to obtain information that can be accessed digitally, and Geographic Information System (GIS) and multimedia software to create the information system.Participatory mapping is conducted in terms of physical and social aspects. The mapping results of the physical aspect shows that infrastructure, facilities, and mangrove ecosystems need to be developed. While the potentials of social aspects that need to be developed are community group and the livelihood of the population. The mangrove ecosystem development plan has received support from local governments, community groups, and local agencies through review of the results of participatory mapping activities. Then, the results of participatory mapping is packaged as an information system of interactive maps and a website. Interactive maps are very helpful for local people or users who are unfamiliar to the use of maps. In addition, the interactive map on the website can be used as a promotion media of mangrove tourism and conservation.